SACRAMENTO, Calif. - The Legislature began passing California's massive state spending plan Friday amid sharp divisions over whether the compromise struck by Democrats and Gov. Jerry Brown will further the state's recovery or eventually return the state to the massive deficits common during the recession.
Lawmakers have until midnight Saturday to send the governor a balanced budget and were expected to pass the main spending bill Friday. AB110 was approved on a 28-10 party-line vote in the Senate and had enough support to pass during an initial vote in the Assembly, which was expecting a final vote later in the day.
Republicans spoke against the $96.3 billion Democratic spending plan, saying it contained accounting gimmicks and failed to address some of the state's most pressing fiscal time bombs, including tens of billions of dollars in unfunded public employee pension liabilities.
Republican Assemblyman Jeff Gorell also said it contains additional spending that will come back to hurt the state once the higher sales and income taxes passed by voters last fall expire.
"We will have to make cuts again," said Gorell, of Camarillo. "With this budget, we have positioned ourselves perfectly to repeat the mistakes of the past."
Democrats can pass the budget on a simple majority vote and do not need Republicans to do so. They noted that it maintains a roughly $1 billion reserve and will not restore all the programs cut during the recession.
It also funnels significantly more money to K-12 schools and alters the education funding formula so more money will flow to district with high levels of students who come from low-income families, who are not proficient in English or who are foster children. The funding shift was one of Brown's top legislative priorities of the year.
"Today we vote on a budget that marks a new beginning for California," said Democratic Assemblyman Bob Blumenfield, of Woodland Hills. "By passing this budget today, we can solidify California's recovery."
Democrats and Republicans in both houses offered sharply contrasting views of the budget plan, which was reached earlier this week.
Democratic lawmakers said they did not get the spending restorations they sought because the leadership agreed to go with the governor's more conservative estimates of tax revenue in the coming fiscal year, which starts July 1. They favor a revenue estimate offered by the nonpartisan Legislative Analyst's Office, which was $3.2 billion higher.
Many Democrats hope to reopen the budget after the first of the year if revenue does indeed come in ahead of the governor's estimate, but Brown has said he agreed to no such thing.
Among the objections raised by Republicans and even some Democratic lawmakers was a funding shift agreed to by the governor that transferred $500 million from an account funded by industry fines that is supposed to pay for the state's efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The money instead is being loaned to the state's general fund.
Similar internal transfers from years past have left the state owing billions of dollars from its general fund to a variety of state programs. Republicans said this budget makes too little headway in repaying that money and in addressing the state's longer-term debts, primarily pensions and retiree health care obligations.
Republican Sen. Ted Gaines, of Rocklin, also noted that the state will be challenged to pay for the governor's high-speed rail and water-delivery projects, which have a combined price tag approaching $100 billion.
He asked lawmakers to think of the long term "so that we can grow the economy fast enough so we can address the unfunded obligations that we have."